For an MLA citation, list the author's last name and then first name and the title of the paper in quotations. Include where you accessed the paper and the date you retrieved it. In your paper, use a parenthetical reference with the author's last name and the page number. Start with the author's last name and first initial. In APA style, the author's name is inverted, meaning you list the last name first. Place a comma after the last name, then the first initial.
Provide the year the paper was published. If the paper was published in an academic journal, include the year in parentheses after the authors' names. If the paper was unpublished, use the year the paper was written. List the title of the research paper. Use sentence capitalization to write out the full title of the research paper, capitalizing the first word and any proper names.
If it has a subtitle, place a colon and capitalize the first word of the subtitle. Red noses, warm hearts: The glowing phenomenon among North Pole reindeer. Include information on where you found the paper. If the paper was published in an academic journal or magazine, use the same format that you would for any other article. For unpublished articles, provide as much information as possible to direct your readers to the research paper.
Use a parenthetical citation in the body of your paper. When you write a statement that comes from the research paper, include the last names of the authors along with the year the paper was published or written.
Start with the authors' names. Invert the first author's name so that the last name appears first. Subsequent authors' names should be written in regular order.
Spell out first names. Use a middle initial if it is provided on the research paper. The title of the paper is written in title case, meaning that most adjectives, nouns, and verbs are capitalized, but articles and conjunctions are not. Titles are enclosed in quotation marks. Include the type of paper after the title. You need to know how best you can format your paper in the requisite standard manner in order to score a good grade.
There are guidelines and rules that define this kind of formatting as would be outlined in this article. In most cases, MLA is used in literature, cultural studies, English studies and so on but you will be required to use it should your tutor demand it in any other assignment. This has been a common requirement for students taking studies in English literature and humanities. So, how does the MLA writing style look like? Well, formatting your paper in MLA comes in all aspects and therefore, here is a standard way of doing so:.
The front page of an MLA formatted paper contains four main parts: Your full name, Name of your tutor, Name of the course and date of submitting your assignment.
These details are to be provided at the top-left corner of the front page. Below is the format:. Essentially, an MLA formatted paper does not have a title page like is the case with other formatting styles.
To do this, go to insert and choose header as shown below. To get started, there are some things you need to do. It is very important for you to consider making these settings because they count towards your chosen MLA style. Word comes loaded with default settings of line height, margin, typeface and paragraph spacing. First, make sure that there is no extra spacing between paragraphs. Again, use point typeface of the Times New Roman font.
The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Internet sources should be included in your Literature Cited section.
For information on evaluating internet sources, look at: For unusual reference citations such a government documents, technical reports, etc, refer to Huth et al for a complete listing of citation formats. A copy of this reference should be available in the Ladd Library and a copy is available in the Biology Department.
Suppose some of the information cited above was not gained from the Gumwad and Bugjuice publications, but rather in a personal conversation with or letter from an expert on the subject, Dr.
When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way: In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper. The format for entries in the Literature Cited section differs for books and for journal papers because different kinds of information must be provided.
The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices. Some basic rules applicable to all formats indexed by author name s: The role of estrogen in mouse xxxx courtship behavior changes as mice age.
J Physiol 62 6: Mouse xxxx Mus musculus as a dietary alternative for humans. J Nutrition 33 6: Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior.
Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke ).
Unpublished conference paper Like a normal conference proceedings, we want to include the name of the entire proceedings, and if there is a specific presentation or paper being cited, include this information as well. We also want to include conference information (name of conference, date, and location) if not [ ].
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations. Surveying students: A look at citation habits of college students, presented at EasyBib Info Lit Conference, New York City, New York, NY: EasyBib Publishing. Menu.
APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citations (How to Cite Within your Paper) Learn the intricacies of APA Citation Style. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and Social Sciences. How to Cite a Research Paper in Chicago Style The Chicago style of citing is commonly used in humanities. It requires writers to cite sources in endnotes or footnotes.