Digital divide is defined as the separation of those people and communities who have the access to the information technology and those people who do not. It is also illustrated that the minute that the technology is innovated and comes to the market, it creates more divide unless every part of society is all distributed by those new innovation. Stated by Evans There has been a debate from the actual importance of the digital divide.
The controversies have arisen in debating that digital divide is a reasonable crisis or it is just the problem which has been exaggerated by the media society Kuttan and Peters Retrieved 11, , from https: Discussions Information Age and New Media In these days, old media changes its time into a new transition of a new media, which is the media environment, and this industries are being transformed by powerful technological, economic, as well as the social forces.
Open collaboration and discourse are valued. Interesting dialogue is valued, with authenticity, disclosure, directness, and a genuine voice. Somewhat ironically, the older version version 1. Examples are given throughout the work, which cites the success of Amazon. This is equally true of the majority of electronic news outlets, and, as is beginning to be realised, with corporate websites such as englishcut.
What does this mean in terms of the digital divide, then? And yet people use it anyway, immerse themselves in it, despite its shortcomings. What of this divide then? If, despite the imperfections of the medium and more significantly its applications, people who can access this resource by their volition elect to — then these imperfections are outweighed by the perceived advantages the medium offers.
Is the value misplaced? The timeless question resounds — is technology serving us, or is the reverse true? Given sufficient access to technology, the answers to all these questions is no.
Having said that, however, the effects of the digital divide on the individual are wide-ranging, depending on the social context and the degree to which access exists. Warschauer presents the circumstance of a village in an Asian nation probably India, this example is recalled from memory where an Internet access point had been installed by some benefactor, who freely provided the necessary physical resources for this to occur.
Ongoing access fees may or may not have been provided for, but that is not wholly relevant — the donation was futile because of the overwhelming technology illiteracy in the area, and the failure of this donation to encompass any degree of training. Once installed, the primary use of this newly installed technology was not communication and open discourse, but instead found local children using this resource for playing games online. Similar situations exist closer to home — many local libraries in New South Wales now provide free Internet access to their members, often without formal training provided as well.
Neither of these scenarios results in the breaking down of boundaries, or the opening of new and exciting discourse — instead, the technology places a burden upon the community in terms of maintenance, ongoing costs, and initial investment for little or no tangible — or intangible! Industrialisation still has to occur; because ICT is dependant upon the infrastructure that industrialisation develops to exist not just the technology itself in a historical framework, but the electricity to operate the technology, and the physical networks used to connect it!
It creates industry, and arguably higher standards of living — but the real problems of population concentration versus arable land and other physical constraints will mean this emancipation from certain influences is not absolute in its unburdening? If anything, it is seen to exacerbate them, as physical locale directly influences availability and subsequent adoption of technology, ultimately resulting in inequality and the broadening of the social divide between people.
As with generational differences in language, the digital divide has introduced and continues to perpetrate a further gap linguistically, as well as in terms of the mode and form of communication used, assuming resources even exist to receive information published electronically. Of course, communication and training barriers may not necessarily be an issue — the divide holds a lesser relevance to those employed in primary industries, for example.
Having said this, changes in technology not communications-related have also resulted in changes in requisite skills for employment in primary industry areas — perhaps requiring an understanding of technology to function in a competitive environment, for example, the use of software to determine appropriate use of chemicals, etc.
This is particularly relevant to the agricultural aspect of primary industry, with mining and logging often already connected to a larger parent company that is likely to already have ICT systems in place for the purposes of such communications.
At an individual level, the divide has the potential to result in communication differences greater than the generational communication gap, as language and the application of language changes, and new forms and modes of expression are adopted on a large scale.
The primary users of this ICT infrastructure are tradespeople, many of who do not use computers at home, or had not previously used them in the workplace — the workplace training co-ordinator 20 at Facilities Management commented on the widespread frustration and difficult transition experienced; and this, in an environment in which appropriate training is provided.
Everyday society exposes citizens to technology in some form. The increasing integration of technology into society cause school systems to be more resolute about including technology in every classroom. Other researchers point out that increasing access to technology in the classroom environment does not ensure academic improvement. These researchers point out that there are limits to the advantages that technology offers. A meta-analysis by Crismann, Badgert and Lucking involving 27 studies concerning academic achievement of students who received traditional classroom instruction or traditional classroom instruction with technology integration showed interesting results.
On average, students receiving technology infused instruction attained higher academic achievement than The digital divide addresses societal differences that correlate to the educational outcomes of students. Such differences raised concerns about the emergence of the digital divide between the children on one side who are benefiting from technology and the children on the other side who the lack of technology access leaves behind Becker, Key Terms and Definitions 1.
Application — computer software; also called a program 2. Broadband — a type of data transmission in which a single wire can carry several channels at once.
Broadband technology can transmit data, audio, and video all at once over long distances. Chat — real time, text-based communication in a virtual environment 4.
Digital Divide — the gap between those with regular, effective access to digital technologies and those without 5. Digital Technology — machinery and computer equipment used for practical and informative purposes 6.
Learning Portal — any web site that offers learners and organizations consolidated access to learning and training resources from multiple sources 7. Multimedia — interactive text, images, sounds, and color 8. Network — two or more computers that are connected so users can share files and devices 9. Online — a computer communicating with another computer Equal access and supply cannot close the digital divide alone.
Teachers need adequate training on selection of technology and integration of technology. Teachers, parents, and students must become technology literate in order to close the digital divide. The digital divide influences academic performance because limited student access to technology minimizes experiences and knowledge necessary to succeed academically.
Researchers associate having a home computer to better academic performance Jackson et al. Schools play a critical role in providing access to computers to students who do not have home computers.
Teachers can have a profound effect on the digital divide by carefully examining how and when technology use is necessary. Regular use of technology in the classroom directly contributes to student achievement, both by making students more effective in their learning and teachers more efficient in their teaching.
Teacher education should not focus on technology alone, but on its alignment with the curriculum. In order for this alignment with the curriculum to take place, more computers must be available for students use.
The digital divide problem is still quite rampant, and is one concerning both developed and undeveloped countries. In recent times, however, its focus has shifted from an access issue to other factors such as education, income and age/5(7).
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An important objective is to secure access for all to ICT as one of the major causes of the digital divide is the difference between the technologically advanced and technologically poor nations (Mcnair, ). A good indicator of the level of the digital divide is the number of . An essay on the digital divide 25 Apr What is the digital divide, and what implications for society and the individual are seen to arise from this?
The Digital Divide Essay example - The Digital Divide Digital Divide is often described as the gap between those with access to technology (e.g. computers and the Internet) and those who have not. It is a social and political issue that started since the early ’s and is . The access of the media information technology and the digital divide will be examined in this following essay; it will be analysed from the measures and factors which are related to digital divide, as well as the measures depiction of redressing the problem/5(1).