The concept of globalization is essential to understand the patterns of economic, political and cultural change in the contemporary world. Introduction Globalization is known as the name of the social, economic and political processes taking place in our world. During the last years, globalization has become an important subject for various popular and academic debates.
Today the concept of globalization is implemented to describe different aspects of contemporary life. It includes such aspects as complexity of contemporary capitalism, the difficulties of the nation-state system and the increasing quantity of transnational corporations and organizations as well as essential competitiveness between global culture to local cultures, the rise of the communications revolution due to introducing of new technologies in the world Szeman In other words, globalization is a concept that has both positive and negative sides of the contemporary existence.
This paper discusses the concept of globalization and its perspective on the changing patterns of the economic, political and cultural life in the contemporary world. Additionally, it focuses special attention on the discourse of fordism, post fordism, post modernity and postcolonial theory as well as the development of the networked society in the time of globalization.
The concept of globalization and its development The concept of globalization appeared at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century — Rourke and Williamson , p. At that time, the concept of globalization paid its main attention to the money aspect mainly characterized by the rise of international trade and the increasing flow of migrants.
People have been migrating and travelling having different aims. For example, European migrants went the New World — America — in the hope to become rich, while Asian migrants showed their negative relation to America negatively as a colonial country.
In addition, the intensive development of industry and the global industrial division of labour in America resulted in large female migration. Today many social theorists are stating that modern world characterized by rising globalization with the dominant economic system of world capitalism. It gives priority for transnational corporations and organizations in contrast to the nations, and destroys local traditions and cultures developing a global culture.
Some of them believe that globalization may cause the Westernization of the world Latouche , but others Ferguson consider that it entails the ascendancy of capitalism Kellner. Some theorists state that globalization increases homogeneity, while others believe that it produces heterogeneity and diversity because of increased hybridization. For many theorists globalization and modernity are similar e. In contrast, postmodernists support diversity, the local, difference, and heterogeneity, and sometimes they note that globalization itself produces multiplicity and hybridity.
They argue that with the help of global culture special appropriations and developments are possible in the entire world. Globalization will create new types of hybrid syntheses of the global and the local, helping to widespread heterogeneity and difference. In turn, Axtmann suggests that global citizenship and accordingly the impact of globalization could lead to a real acceptance of heterogeneity, diversity, and otherness contrasting with globalization that just promotes sameness and homogeneity Kellner.
Globalization is able to produce new forms of imperialist domination in accordance with globality and universality. There is a danger that globalization just disguises a indefatigable Westernization, or Americanization, of the world.
However, restoration of ethno-nationalism, tradition, religious fundamentalisms, and other types of resistance to globalization are active to certain degree by a deviation of the homogenization and probably Westernization connected with some globalization forms.
Westernization had a great and a pervasive influence on the world during the past decades. The collapse of imperialism and colonialism over the decades was noticed by the two World Wars of the 20th century, after which many smaller countries, which were created by former colonial authorities primarily European , obtained independence and involved different aspects and features of Western culture and tradition. After a downfall of the former Soviet Union at the end of the 20th century, many of its component states became the subject for Westernization.
It also included privatization of hitherto state-controlled industry. Special attention must paid to the fordism and post fordism movement. Fordism is known as the system of mass production and consumption characteristic of highly developed economies and it existed in the ss. According to Fordism theory, the combination of mass consumption with mass production is necessary to achieve material advancement and economic growth.
The period of ss is characterized by slower growth and rising inequality of income. At that time, the system of production and consumption organization has transformed.
That was a second transformation — post fordism — which led to the second rise of economic growth. Along with process engineering, the second transformation is making transformations not only how we produce things, but also how we live and what we consume accordingly. Reschenthaler and Thompson , pp. So, globalization must be illustrated as a difficult and multidimensional phenomenon that includes various levels, flows, and conflicts as well as its possible future.
A critical theory of globalization deals with the reality of globalization, its authority and influence. However, it also studies different forces of resistance and fight that try to resist to the most destructive sides of globalization or global forces.
For example, the constant issue of local and political fight with complex causes is race, ethnicity, class and nationalist problem. It is well-known that the period from the end of s to the present time is characterized by a rise of traditionalism, nationalism, and religious fundamentalism along with increasing globalization.
It is also worth to admit that the resurgence of regional, cultural, and religious differences in the former USSR and Yugoslavia along with intensive tribal conflicts in Africa and in other places allows us to make a suggestion that globalization and homogenization were not so much connected and deep as it was considered by its supporters and critics.
In result, culture has become a new source of conflict and an essential indicator of fight between the local and the global. The other important reason of resistance and struggle is the gender inequality and difference. At the level of policy, the influence of globalization on women and gender relations is still ignored on the national and international levels. Due to gender inequalities and discrimination in many countries worldwide, globalization processes may render their negative influence on women in greater degree than on men.
Nevertheless, many advocates of women admit that globalization influences various groups of women differently. It even creates new treatment standards for women, and assists some groups of women to mobilize. Thus, the role of globalization for many women is still in debate and it is evidently different. Consequently, globalization is very complex concept and it stimulates to occurrence of different theories, economical, political and cultural studies.
The actions taken after the decision may lead to positive or negative outcomes. Ethics, therefore, is an important aspect that guides decision making both at a personal level and…. Globalization and advancement in technology has resulted in the governments taking a back seat as regards shaping the destiny of its people. The increased capacities of individuals do not seem to provide any point of refuge. The most difficult thing from this situation is the fact that the new political agenda being championed for the….
The first few years of its existence as a country were far from ideal. The music industry has been around for over two centuries PBS. The music industry is comprised of many different components, organizations and individuals that…. Globalization is the process by which different societies and cultures integrate through a worldwide network of political ideas through transportation, communication, and trade.
Generally, globalization has affected many nations in various ways; economically, politically, and socially. It is a term that refers to the fast integration and interdependence of various nations, which shapes the world…. Since late s, the…. While discussing the topics of trade, development and political economy, globalization is often discussed. Since late s, the increasing…. It has often been observed that obesity follows a socioeconomic gradient which adversely affects the poor.
Forced to work longer hours — and with lower levels of job-security — workers in low…. Introduction The world is made of nations and people who share different values, customs, languages and geographic territories. These diversities, also known as culture, have proven to be the norm that binds or separates them.
Carlson and Blodgett explain culture as different ways, sets of manners and customs that are unique to a society…. Describe the shifts in the world economy over the past 30 years. What are the implications of these shifts for international businesses based in Britain? For the rich industrial…. Both novels reveal that when it comes to immigration, due to a difference in their surroundings and exposure to different cultures the second generation experiences a different setting which….
Fashion cannot survive without the media. Its success as both an art form and a commercial enterprise depends upon attention in the media. The media have played a vital role in shaping fashion into the complex cultural phenomenon it has become. Photography, and later film and television, have medialised fashion. Fashion has become an intrinsic….
Introduction The seminar paper will argue that teaching culture should be a vital part of every English class. It will point put the various benefits that this teaching brings. By learning culture, students will gain practical communicative competences and knowledge of how to behave in a certain social situation. This kind of learning will….
In the 21st century, economic globalization has finally become an irresistible reality. Information, technology, goods, people, especially monetary capital are frequently exchanging worldwide unprecedentedly.
In this paper I will argue that globalization is the cause of most recent illicit networks. Illicit networks are a form of behaviour institution that .
International economics research paper topics examine the economic interdependence of nations. Research papers on international economics study the integration of world economies. In our increasingly globalized world, international economics affects productivity, imports and exports, technology, and growth rates.
Mar 17, · Research Paper on Globalization The process of globalization has defined the development of the world economy during the last couple of decades. Basically, this process affects the world at the present moment as well and, what is more, the impact of globalization steadily grows stronger. Impact of Globalization on Trade and Employment Globalization is the process by which the world is interconnected through technology and powerful infrastructure for the purpose of communicating and managing resources.
Essay globalization 1. GLOBAL INTEGRATION: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Globalization is the process by which different societies, cultures, and regionaleconomies integrate through a worldwide network of political ideas throughtransportation, communication, and trade. Generally, globalization has . Your term paper sample on The concept of globalization is essential to understand the patterns of economic, political and cultural change in the contemporary world. Free example college paper about globalization.